2021 AMI Online Salon

Joint Tissue Involvement in Osteoarthritis

Project Details

  • Entrant Name:  Nicholas Reback
  • Client: Journal of the American Medical Association
  • Copyright: American Medical Association, 2021
  • Medium/software used: Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator
  • Final presentation format: Print/Web
  • Primary Audience: Clinicians

Project Description

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common joint disease globally, affecting nearly 240 million people. It can occur in any joint, but is most often found in the hands, hips, knees and feet. Risk factors in include age, female sex, sedentary lifestyle, obesity, genetics, and joint injury. OA is characterized by pathologic changes in cartilage, bone, the synovial membrane, ligaments, muscle, and periarticular fat. These changes cause pain, stiffness, and joint dysfunction eventually leading to a severe reduction in quality of life.The purpose of this illustration is to highlight pathologic changes of OA at the level of individual tissues. The illustration is innovative for its dynamic use of color and texture to distinguish the specific change occurring in each tissue type. The illustration employs a strong hierarchy of arrows, text, and other graphic elements to clarify how degradation of individual tissues contributes to progressive decline of joint health.